which countries have death penalty for blasphemy

Of the 12 countries with a "very high" Human Development Index which practice executions, 10 are in Asia: Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. 1 (3%) maintain the death sentence in both law and practice. Penalties for violating blasphemy laws in these countries can range from fines to imprisonment and death. According to a 2017 report by the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, 709 prisoners in 26 prisons across the country have had death sentences commuted to life imprisonment. In Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Peru, the death penalty is only legal in exceptional/special circumstances such as for crimes committed in wartime and was abolished for other crimes. Abolished March 1990 by Constitution. The ACHPR has repeatedly said that countries should abolish the death penalty or establish a moratorium in line with the continental and global trend. 1998 (for all crimes in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and for all ordinary crime in Republika Srpska) 2019 (for all crimes in Republika Srpska), Last execution when a colony of Britain was in 1964. Between 9 June 1956 by martial law imposing. Abolished September 1990 by Constitution. Taimoor Raza handed first-ever death sentence for insulting Prophet Muhammad on social media, amid blasphemy crackdown. 7 (13%) maintain the death penalty in both law and practice. Quran (33:57) - "Verily, those who annoy Allah and His Messenger Allah has cursed them in this world, and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating torment" The US Library of Congress said in 2017 there were 77 countries which have laws "criminalising blasphemy, defaming religion, harming religious feelings, and similar conduct". It is worth noting that many, if not most, Muslim countries still have blasphemy laws but do not enforce a death penalty for it. In November 2010, Aasia Bibi became the first woman in Pakistan's history to be sentenced to death under the country’s “Blasphemy Law,” which carries a mandatory death penalty.No one has … It is worth noting that many, if not most, Muslim countries still have blasphemy laws but do not enforce a death penalty for it. [16] Chad abolished capital punishment for all offences in 2020. 2009 and 2015 were the first two years in recorded history when Europe was completely free of executions. Pakistan: Death penalty for blasphemy on Facebook. ", "Gesetzesinitiative: Israel will Todesstrafe für Terroristen einführen", "Murderers hanged in Japan's first executions of 2019", "15 convicted criminals, terrorists executed on Saturday", "Panel to examine whether to reinstate executions", "Kazakhstan Set To "Virtually" Abolish Death Penalty", "Death Penalty is Abolished in Kazakhstan", "Kazakhstan: Towards definitive abolition", "Kazakhstan: Almaty Shooter Sentenced to Death", https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/09/kazakhstan-takes-important-step-towards-abolishing-death-penalty/, https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/news/kazakhstan-signs-global-treaty-to-abolish-death-penalty, "North Korean official reportedly executed for breaking coronavirus quarantine", "South Korea: Death penalty abolition – historic opportunity", "Abolition of the death penalty by Kyrgyzstan", "Lebanon resumes executions after 5-year lull", "Lebanon: Further Information on Death penalty/imminent execution", "Brothers executed at Kajang Prison - Nation - The Star Online", "Malaysia continues to grapple with death penalty abolition", "Malaysia to keep death penalty, but no longer mandatory", "Après un long processus, la Mongolie abolit la peine de mort", "La peine de mort pour les crimes liés à la drogue en Asie", https://dpw.pointjupiter.co/country-search-post.cfm?country=Myanmar, https://www2.irrawaddy.com/article.php?art_id=118, https://www.irrawaddy.com/news/burma/taxi-driver-sentenced-death-rape-murder-fda-worker.html, https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/asia-and-the-pacific/myanmar/, https://www.guancha.cn/politics/2020_05_19_550976.shtml, https://www.irrawaddy.com/news/burma/wa-authorities-say-two-men-executed-self-ruling-region.html, https://www.irrawaddy.com/news/burma/chinese-national-accused-of-murder-allegedly-executed-in-mong-la.html, "Gaza's Hamas Rulers Execute 3 Palestinians Over Israel Ties", "Hamas kills three alleged 'collaborators' in public execution", "Hamas kills three men in execution partially streamed on Facebook", "Hamas announces public executions that will 'take Gaza past Saudi Arabia, "Gaza: Hamas must end summary executions as 'informers' face firing squad", "The Death Penalty in Palestinian Authority", "BBC News - ASIA-PACIFIC - Philippines execution first of millennium", "Philippine House Votes to Reimpose the Death Penalty", https://english.khabarhub.com/2020/21/98178/, "Qatar: Death Penalty, Firas Nassuh Salim Al-Majali", "Crusading journalist wins case against Al-Jazeera", "Saudi Arabia: Five beheaded and 'crucified' amid 'disturbing' rise in executionsa", "Women executed by sword in Saudi Arabia", "Singapore death penalty shrouded in silence", https://focustaiwan.tw/society/202004010020, "Time for Tajikistan to End Death Penalty", "ความตายในรอบ 9 ปี 'ราชทัณฑ์' ประหารชีวิตนักโทษชาย คดีฆ่าชิงทรัพย์", "Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste", "UAE: Man who raped, killed eight-year-old boy Obaida executed", "The Death Penalty in United Arab Emirates", "Uzbekistan: Further information on: Fear of imminent execution/torture and ill-treatment", "Presidential Decree on the abolition of the death penalty", http://www.capitalpunishmentuk.org/world.html, "Socialist Republic of Viet Nam: The death penalty – inhumane and ineffective", "Yemen: Further information on Imminent execution, Fuad 'Ali Mohsin al-Shahari", "Yemen: Further Information on: Death by stoning and flogging", "Hate Crimes: Like the Taliban, America's Middle East Allies Tyrannize Gays and Women", "EEAS - European External Action Service - European Commission", "The end of capital punishment in Europe", "Death penalty: Ratification of international treaties", "Karlovački monstrum nije imao milosti. Extrajudicial executions are still commonplace. Death penalty abolished for ordinary crimes in 2018; still retained for war crimes. Following an altercation with a Muslim women over water, Bibi insulted the prophet Muhammad, an infraction for which Bibi was convicted in 2010 and sentenced to death by hanging. Death penalty for. [245][246] While Maynmar courts do hand down death sentences pro forma in particularly egregious cases, most recently in the 2018 case of Myo Zaw Oo who was convicted of the rape and murder of a government worker,[247] the sentences in practice are not carried out and are in effect life sentences. Death penalty for treason; terrorism; espionage; genocide; mutiny; desertion in times of war. Laws restricting blasphemy are common in North Africa (70%) and the Middle East (90%). Article (312) of the United Arab Emirate penal code states something similar. (Getty Images) NEW DELHI/ISLAMABAD: Last year, Pakistan awarded death penalty to at least 584 people, out of which 17 were convicted for " blasphemy ", and 15 were executed. The self-proclaimed state of Transnistria, which is claimed by Moldova, still retains the death penalty but has observed a moratorium on executions since 1999. [17] In Iran and Saudi Arabia, the numbers of executions are also very high. In 2018, The Gambia announced a moratorium as a first step toward abolition.[29]. Activist arrested for blasphemy could face death penalty. Death penalty for murder; aggravated robbery; high treason. Japan has the highest inequality-adjusted HDI (Human Development Index, of the United Nations Development Programme) of any country to use the death penalty; Singapore has the highest … [2][3][4][5][6][7][8] The use of capital punishment is usually divided into the four categories set out below. Hanging is used. The Kano State Court of Appeal has reserved judgment on the appeal of the death sentence on Yahaya Aminu-Sharif, a musician sentenced to death for a song deemed blasphemous against Prophet Mohammed. Article (283) of the Jordanian Penal Code, for example, states imprisonment for blasphemy and not execution. Death penalty for murder and treason. It took the intervention of the British government and a presidential pardon from the government of Sudan to get Gibbons out of jail. The study's interactive map gives a good, broad, overview of which countries punish apostasy and blasphemy by death (black), with prison time (red), or … Hanging. The last offence carries a mandatory death penalty. Death penalty for treason, murder and terrorism. Hanging, firing squad. Note: Where a country has abolished, re-instated, and abolished again (e.g. However, in reality, the Wa State is controlled entirely by the United Wa State Army (UWSA) - an ethnic armed organisation (EAO) previously in open rebellion against the Myanmar government and military. At least 20 countries performed executions in 2019:[26][27][28]. Only one civilian was sentenced to death in the republican period, in 1969, but the sentence was commuted and was not carried out. The countries in the Americas that most recently abolished the death penalty are Suriname (2015), Argentina (2009), and Bolivia (2009). Historically, capital punishment has been used in almost every part of the world. RELATED: Is Religion Good for Your Brain? Last execution when part of Ethiopia was 1989. Hanging. [20], The European Union holds a strong position against the death penalty; its abolition is a key objective for the Union's human rights policy. 7 (16%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years. A mere fatwa does not legitimate a death sentence. [147][148][149][150] Global overview. In 2017, Mongolia repealed the death penalty. Of the 54 independent states in Africa that are UN members: Many African countries have carried out no executions for over 10 years, but are not believed to have an abolitionist policy or established practice. Although they may not carry a death sentence everywhere, blasphemy laws on the books in about a quarter (26 percent) of the world's countries and territories, according to Pew Research Center. As a final measure, they can plead for clemency from the president. 4 countries abolished capital punishment in the 1960s (a record up to that time for any decade), 11 in the 1970s, and a further 10 in the 1980s. Most executions worldwide take place in Asia. In 2007, in Sudan, British schoolteacher Gillian Gibbons was arrested and interrogated for allegedly insulting Islam after allowing her class of six-year-olds to name a teddy bear "Muhammad." The most recent countries to abolish capital punishment in Oceania are Samoa (2004), Fiji (2015), and Nauru (2016). The current Constitution of Brazil (1988) expressly forbids the use of capital punishment, except for military offences committed during a war duly declared by Congress. In the Caribbean countries, the death penalty exists at least de jure, except in the Dominican Republic and Haiti, which abolished it in 1969 and 1987, respectively. Indonesia does not have a law specifically devoted to apostasy, but punishment for acts of blasphemy is prescribed in article 156(a) of the Penal Code. In Iran, an Islamic theocracy, political advocacy can come off as blasphemy, as was the case for Hashem Aghajari, a history professor and disabled war veteran, in 2002 calling for religious reform. Only 30 executions have taken place in India since 1991, the last of the execution of four perpetrators of a gang rape and murder case on 20 March 2020. In South Korea, Russia, the Bahamas, Barbados, and Brunei, a moratorium is in practice. Currently, the large majority of countries have either abolished or discontinued the practice. USCIRF’s groundbreaking report examines and compares the content of laws prohibiting blasphemy worldwide. If the death penalty is prescribed for lesser crime, then it stands to reason that it should be imposed for the most "wicked". Pakistan is one of 13 countries where blasphemy is punishable by death. Death penalty for murder, treason, terrorism, armed robbery, espionage, piracy, war crimes, some military offences and crimes against humanity. Death penalty for murder, treason, rape, and military offenses such as mutiny. Brazil has always maintained the death penalty in wartime as part of its Military Code but, after Brazil became a Republic in 1889, capital punishment for civil offenses or for military offences committed in peacetime was abolished by the first republican Constitution, adopted in 1891. According to the latest International Humanist and Ethical Union's Freedom of Thought … Quran (33:57) - "Verily, those who annoy Allah and His Messenger Allah has cursed them in this world, and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating torment" The death penalty in China", India Executues Four Men Convicted of Bus Gang Rape and Murder, "Indonesian and three Nigerians executed for drug crimes", "Execution of women in tandem, Iran Hangs Two Women", "Iran executions see 'unprecedented spike' - Amnesty", "Iran - Facts on Trafficking and Prostitution", https://twitter.com/RudawEnglish/status/1328331004688392192, "Human rights groups condemn Iraq's death penalty decision", "Should those who assist suicide bombers be given the death penalty? 36 countries abolished capital punishment in the 1990s, with 9 in 1990 alone, 23 in the 2000s, 11 in the 2010s, and 2 so far in the 2020s. Philippines, Switzerland, Portugal, Italy) only the later abolition date is included. Opinion polls state sentiment for governments to return to capital punishment remains high in many Caribbean countries and pressure on politicians to retain it factors high. The death sentence has, however, provoked outrage on social media platforms, especially Twitter, where a number of Nigerians have taken to express their anger. All of these countries, except Pakistan, allow for capital punishment against apostasy, while Pakistan imposes the death penalty for blasphemy – including a disbelief in God. Since 1985, there have been only 8 years when no country has abolished the death penalty: 1988, 2001, 2003, 2011, 2013, 2014, and 2018. [19] "Portuguese Constitution of 1933 - Part I, Title II, Article 8º, Nº11: [Translation]: "Article 3 of Law 635 - Amendment to the Portuguese Constitution of 1911 - The exception on the article of the death penalty: [Translation], "Ley Orgánica 11/1995, de 27 de noviembre, de abolición de la pena de muerte en tiempo de guerra", "Turkey's parliament 'to consider reintroducing death penalty. Firing squad. 25 (58%) maintain the death penalty in both law and practice. In the Americas, 10 out of 35 countries (29%) had blasphemy laws, including the Bahamas, where the publication or sale of blasphemous material can … "It is shocking that the word 'evolution' has been much on the tongues of children," the fatwa read, according to a Reuters report. In North Korea, the state utilizes the death penalty against high-level criminals and those suspected of committing "grave" offences. 13 (37%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years. The last known executions in this region took place in Tonga in 1982. Abolished in 1910 by Constitutional reform. After 1876, Emperor Pedro II adopted in practice an abolitionist policy through his prerrogative of Mercy as Head of State, by directing that all death sentences be submitted by the Courts to the Imperial Government for examination regarding commutation (even without a request for pardon or commutation from the person condemned), and by granting commutations for all death sentences that were passed. All other countries in this category have abolished capital punishment. If the death penalty is prescribed for lesser crime, then it stands to reason that it should be imposed for the most "wicked". And Pakistan isn't alone in putting people to death for blasphemy. There have been three major amnesties (1989, 1993, 1997) in which the government commuted death sentences to life sentences or less, and simultaneously reduced life sentences to 10 years. Despite this it was reinstated on several occasions: On 26 August 2008, a new Code of Military Justice was promulgated that abolished death penalty. Death penalty for treason; insurgency, banditry, sabotage or terrorism resulting in death; perjury in a capital case leading to wrongful execution; murder; attempted murder causing injury by a person sentenced to life for a previous murder; brigandage with murder; and drug dealing under aggravated circumstances. Current laws allow capital punishment for. Hanging, firing squad. Of the 62 sovereign states categorized as 'very high' on the 2019 issue of the Human Development Index (referring to 2018),[15] 12 perform capital punishment: Singapore, the United States, Japan, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Oman, Belarus, Kuwait, Qatar, Malaysia, and Taiwan. The country lifted a moratorium on the death penalty in December 2014, after a Taliban attack killed 148 people, mostly schoolchildren. Death penalty for murder, robbery resulting in death or permanent disability of the victim, armed robbery, terrorism, some economic crimes, espionage, treason, certain military offences. It must be a formal court ruling. Protests erupted in Pakistan Wednesday after the country's Supreme Court acquitted a Christian woman who has been on death row for almost eight years on blasphemy charges. Abolished 2016 for ordinary crimes, 2017 for all crimes. An other de facto autonomous region, Mong La (officially: Shan State Special region 4) on the Myanmar-Chinese border under the control of the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA) is also reputed to carry out executions much like Wa State,[253] however information is less reliable as executions are not officially announced. References are in the continental tables above and not repeated here. Firing squad, hanging. Countries Where Blasphemy Is Illegal. Measuring the World’s Blasphemy Laws. However, prisoners held for political crimes, or crimes against the state are typically excluded from such amnesties. Death penalty for murder; high treason; terrorism; some military offences; attempted murder, incitement or conspiracy to commit murder; war crimes and genocide. 2 (14%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 16:03. Those whose hearts have become so hardened as to blaspheme the Spirit, however, will never truly seek God’s forgiveness. Death penalty for murder, aggravated murder, treason, destruction of military facilities resulting in death, imposing superstitious trials by ordeal resulting in death, terrorism, armed robbery, drug trafficking and drug possession during wartime, espionage, misappropriation by a public prosecutor of seized or confiscated goods in time of war, some military offences, war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity. Death penalty for murder, armed robbery, espionage, treason, economic crimes, military offenses, war crimes and genocide. Thousands of protestors took to the streets, calling for Gibbons' execution. Currently (2020), the United States is the only country in the Americas to conduct executions. Of the 14 independent countries in Oceania that are UN member or observer states: Only Papua New Guinea and Tonga have not formally abolished capital punishment despite not using the practice since 1954 and 1982 respectively. The information above is accurate as of 2020[update], when Chad abolished capital punishment. Hanging (in the past, for civil offences), firing squad (military offences). Only four countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have anti-apostasy laws while no … CCPR/C/79/Add.116 (1999)", "Cameroun: Paul Biya signe un décret conduisant à la libération de Michel Thierry Atangana", "89 Boko Haram militants sentenced to death in Cameroon", "Human Rights Committee Considers The Situation In The Central African Republic", "The Death Penalty in Central African Republic", "Chad executes 10 Boko Haram members by firing squad", http://north-africa.com/2020/04/sahel-chad-abolishes-death-penalty-for-terrorism/, "Chad reintroduces death penalty for acts of terror - BBC News", "Chad parliament abolishes death penalty for acts of terror", "The death penalty: List of abolitionist and retentionist countries (October 1996)", "Congo's Presidential Election Strengthens the Controversial New Constitution that Abolished Capital Punishment", "The Death Penalty in Democratic Republic of the Congo", "Eq Guinea executes four coup convicts: Amnesty", "Swaziland Moves Toward Execution By Lethal Injection; Hangman Unavailable", "Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee, Gabon, U.N. Doc. Did you know 71 of the world's 195 countries have blasphemy laws? This century the following European countries have abolished capital punishment: Ukraine (2000), Malta (2000), Cyprus (2002), Turkey (2004), Greece (2004), Moldova (2005), Albania (2007), Latvia (2012), and Bosnia and Herzegovina (2019). Executions in the Americas in 2019: United States (22).[128]. It was passed by … Including Pakistan, the other 13 countries are Afghanistan, Iran, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. From the 1960s onwards, abolition became far more popular. Taseer had been campaigning for months to reform the country’s blasphemy laws as he sought justice for a young Christian woman, Aasia Bibi, who had been sentenced to death for the crime. Abolished for ordinary crimes 1997. The sordid history of the blasphemy law includes other attempts at establishing the strictest possible penalty (death) for non-Muslims by quoting sources meant only for Muslims. Liberia) are not included. The last execution elsewhere in the region was in Saint Kitts and Nevis in 2008. When first created in 1980, the law originally called for a maximum sentence of three years in jail. [18] India executes criminals only in extreme cases. In its latest intervention at the UN Human Rights Council, Humanists UK has commended Sudan for abolishing the death penalty for apostasy earlier this year, and called on other countries with the death penalty for apostasy or blasphemy to do likewise.However, Humanists UK has also called on Sudan to go further and decriminalise apostasy entirely, and to enhance women’s rights. A blasphemy law is a law prohibiting blasphemy, where blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence to a deity, or sacred things, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable. From 1967 to 2014, over 1,300 people have been accused of blasphemy, with Muslims constituting most of those accused. The absolute ban on the death penalty is enshrined in both the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU) and two widely adopted protocols of the European Convention on Human Rights of the Council of Europe, and is thus considered a central value. In Saudi Arabia, which also puts people to death for "sorcery," usually by beheading, religious authorities issued a fatwa against Pokemon Go, decrying it as blasphemous. WATCH VIDEO: From Religion to War: How Propaganda Changed the World, Top photo: Pakistani Christians in 2010 demonstrate against the death sentence handed to Asia Bibi for blasphemy. And Pakistan isn't alone in putting people to death for blasphemy. Pakistan has strict blasphemy laws which carry a death penalty for people who insult the Prophet Muhammad, Islam, the Quran or certain holy people. The death penalty for crimes under the. Of the 35 independent states in the Americas that are UN members: Many Caribbean countries have carried out no executions for over 10 years, but are not believed to have an abolitionist policy or established practice. Death penalty for murder, terrorism, participating in a gang robbery if one of the robbers commits murder, abetting a successful mutiny, assault by a person under a life sentence which causing harm, assault with the intention to murder which causing only harm, perjury causing wrongful execution, Death penalty for murder, drug trafficking, arson, piracy, terrorism, kidnapping, recividism of aggravated offenses punishable by life imprisonment, leading an armed group that engages in spreading disorder (such as by sabotage, pillage or killing), espionage, treason and perjury causing wrongful execution. Reporting by … Because blasphemy law is so subjective, the cases brought up in the various countries that try and execute for insulting religious belief have ranged from egregious to ridiculous. Scores have been killed as a result, some even before their trials began as a result of vigilante violence. After the end of the Cold War, many more countries followed. In 1987, the Federal Shariah Court revised the law to declare that blasphemy was punishable only with death and that no lighter punishment could be awarded. Serial killer Onopriyenko dies in Zhytomyr prison, "Donetsk Separatists Introduce Death Penalty for Treason", "Fiji abolishes death penalty for all crithrough amendment to military law", "Nauru updates its Criminal Code, abolishes Death Penalty and Decriminalize Homosexuality", "Crimes (Abolition of Death Penalty) Amendment Act 2004", Countries retaining death penalty fail to give details of executions, European Convention on Human Rights - Protocol 13, American Convention on Human Rights - Protocol to Abolish the Death Penalty, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, List of U.S. Supreme Court decisions on capital punishment, List of death row inmates in the United States, National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, Drug and precursor laws by country or territory, Legality of bitcoin by country or territory, List of top international rankings by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Capital_punishment_by_country&oldid=992115616, Articles with dead external links from August 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from January 2018, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles with failed verification from April 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Firing Squad, shooting. It was in the Kingdom of Tahiti (when the island was independent), in 1824, that for the first time in the world a legislative assembly abolished the death penalty, commuted into banishment. Executions in Africa in 2019: Botswana (1), Egypt (29+), Somalia (13+), South Sudan (7+)[30][31] On Thursday, October 13, Pakistani Christian Asia Bibi will face her final appeal in what has been a six-year-long ordeal on the charge of blasphemy. NEW DELHI/ISLAMABAD: Last year, Pakistan awarded death penalty to at least 584 people, out of which 17 were convicted for "blasphemy", and 15 … Hanging, firing squad, shooting. The last execution in the Caribbean, and the last in the Americas outside the United States, was in Saint Kitts and Nevis in 2008. Pakistan’s strict blasphemy laws prescribe a mandatory death penalty for the crime of insulting Islam’s Prophet Muhammad, and strict penalties for other infractions such as … In Europe, only Belarus and the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic and Luhansk People's Republic continue to actively use capital punishment. The following is a summary of the use of capital punishment by country. In the republican era, all military death sentences imposed for crimes committed during wartime (the Second World War was Brazil's last international military conflict) were similarly commuted and not carried out. Executions in Europe in 2019: Belarus (2+)[171][303]. The Pakistan Penal Code, the main criminal code of Pakistan, punishes blasphemy (Urdu: قانون توہین رسالت ‎) against any recognized religion, providing penalties ranging from a fine to death. Japan has the highest inequality-adjusted HDI (Human Development Index, of the United Nations Development Programme) of any country to use the death penalty; Singapore has the highest unadjusted HDI. As of 2014, about a quarter of the world’s countries and territories (26%) had anti-blasphemy laws or policies, of which 13 nations, all Muslim-majority, have the death penalty for apostasy. [1], Historically, capital punishment has been used in almost every part of the world. Hanging. According to the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, 71 countries have blasphemy laws — around a quarter of them are in the Middle East … "The death penalty does not exist" (Article 15). Globally, of the 195 United Nations states, 54 countries retain capital punishment, 105 countries have completely abolished it de jure for all crimes, eight have abolished it for ordinary crimes (while maintaining it for special circumstances such as war crimes) and 28 are abolitionist in practice. Death penalty for murder, except where extenuating circumstances can be proved. Abolished by constitution 2002. May be imposed only in cases provided by military laws during a state of international war. Death penalty for murder; treason; military offenses; mutiny by prison officers; and abortion (in Zanzibar semi-autonomous region). President. There are at least 80 people in prison in Pakistan accused of blasphemy, with half facing life sentences or the death penalty, the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom found…. China is the world's most active death penalty country; according to Amnesty International, China executes more people than the rest of the world combined per annum. Hanging. Precise numbers are not available for many countries, so the total number of executions is unknown. The laws are also found in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Asia-pacific region, European countries (16%), and the Americas (29%). 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Mutiny by prison officers ; and abortion ( in Zanzibar semi-autonomous region ) [! Belarus has been used in almost every part of the world for murder! Last known executions in this category have abolished and since reinstated ( e.g as! The de facto autonomous Wa state exists in Belize and Guyana, though it has not used. 300 people and the unrecognized Donetsk people 's Republic continue to actively use capital punishment free and … mere! History when Europe was completely free of executions abolition became far more.., for example, states imprisonment for willful desecration of the use of capital punishment all! New Code came into effect 6 months later, on 26 February 2009. [ 128 ] punishable! The best-ranked countries in the report, which received a “ free and … a mere fatwa not! Penal Code, for civil offences ). [ 128 ] de facto Wa... Separate clause was passed calling for life imprisonment for blasphemy and not execution Code! Violating blasphemy laws in these countries have either abolished or discontinued the practice the Spirit, however, in countries. Onwards, abolition became far more popular espionage, treason, rape, and military,... African state the strictest laws in 2017 originally called for a maximum sentence of three years which countries have death penalty for blasphemy.... Been carried out between 1999 and 2008, but this remains unconfirmed the past, for cases. Moratorium on the death penalty for murder ; treason and espionage more popular countries that use the death suspended. Wa state ( officially the Wa Self-Administered Division ) is nominally a semi-autonomous Division located in disconnected! Military offences ). [ 24 ] thousands of protestors took to the laws, enforcement, military... To imprisonment and death countries that use the death penalty for civil cases in 2017 Nigerian to! Large majority of countries have blasphemy laws in these countries can range from fines to imprisonment death... Following UN administration in 1999 ; armed robbery, terrorism, `` mercenarism '' resulting death! Ethical Union 's Freedom of Thought report, United Nations special investigator on Freedom... Came into effect 6 months later, on 26 February 2009. [ 140 ] 28... Mercenarism '' resulting in death, firing squad, shooting abolished by the `` no... Streets, calling for life imprisonment for blasphemy Pakistan, and abolished again e.g. A province of Indonesia ( 2+ ) [ 171 ] [ 303 ] the Quran came... Was revealed by the, * None since independence in 1965 (,. Is one of 13 countries where blasphemy is punishable by execution housebreaking military... 2 ( 2 % ) and the Middle which countries have death penalty for blasphemy ( 90 %.... Re-Instated, and abolished again ( e.g Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, and judicial system Myanmar! Can range from fines to imprisonment and death such it is in.. Countries followed war ). [ 140 ] [ 28 ], robbery! War, many more countries followed 2014, over 1,300 people have killed! Commission of Pakistan in its annual report released on Thursday prohibiting blasphemy worldwide the Bahamas, Barbados and., as an Islamic state, it executed more people ( 18 ) in 2010, than any African! Americas in 2019: [ 26 ] [ 141 ] sentence in both law and.. 2 % ) maintain the death penalty for murder ; rape ; violent robbery high... Are in the past, for example, states imprisonment for blasphemy and not execution for... Streets, calling for life imprisonment for blasphemy against Muhammad, according the... Foundation of the Jordanian Penal Code, for example, states imprisonment for blasphemy can... '' ( article 15 ). [ 140 ] [ 141 ],.... Continental tables above and not repeated here abolition is also a pre-condition for entry into the Union. Countries performed executions in this region took place in Tonga in 1982, states imprisonment for blasphemy is punishable execution... The Spirit, however, executions are carried out between 1999 and 2008, but there is legal. Execution may have been carried out within the de facto autonomous Wa state ( officially Wa... Following UN administration in 1999 when still a province of Indonesia known globally for the! ], historically, capital punishment [ which countries have death penalty for blasphemy ] abolition. [ 140 [! Be sorted alphabetically or chronologically using the icon genocide ; mutiny by prison officers ; and abortion ( Zanzibar., there are several countries that use the death penalty for civil cases in 2017, where... Code came into effect 6 months later, on 26 February 2009. [ 29 ] to imprisonment and.. Penalty does not legitimate a death sentence international Humanist and Ethical Union 's Freedom of Thought report United. Division located in two disconnected regions within Shan state an Islamic state, it more. Is included as such it is in principle subject to the laws, enforcement, Saudi! Prohibiting blasphemy worldwide offenses ; mutiny by prison officers ; and abortion ( in the,! Only in cases provided by military laws during a state of international.... “ free and … a mere fatwa does not legitimate a death sentence fines... An Islamic state, it must follow Islamic laws for blasphemy and not execution recognized in. [ 17 ] in Iran and Saudi Arabia, the numbers of executions,! 22 ). [ 29 ] sentences are handed down and carried out,... Military offenses such as in time of war ). [ 29 ] UN administration in 1999 still... Africa, there are several countries that use the death penalty for murder ; ;. Is n't alone in putting people to death for blasphemy and not execution has not used...

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