The northern and central herds were placed strategically in areas with a large amount of public land and good elk habitat. The maps are designed to help you determine where you SHOULD be hunting in your unit during your season. A conceptual model of elk habitat selection and use. A few of the refuge's more charismatic species are highlighted below. On the other hand, salt licks are a good supplement to their regular diet, helping elks grow healthy coats as well as produce nutritious milk. Clam Lake elk range. During the hot summer months, they live fairly high in the mountains, usually between 6,000 and 10,000 feet. Map of the study area illustrating elk seasonal ranges in north central Utah, USA, 1993–1997. The color of their fur depends on habitat and season of the year. I have spent the last several years compiling data from Colorado Parks and Wildlife, the U.S. Forest Service, BLM, USGS, and many other agencies to figure out where these areas exist on a statewide scale. In order to attract the attention of females, bulls engage in fights with each other, using their antlers. Elk are primarily grazers while deer are primarily browsers, however, elk will seasonally shift to a browse-based diet, particular in winter. The agency manages 42 state parks, all of Colorado's wildlife, more than 300 state wildlife areas and a host of recreational programs. Special Management Zone (GMU 46, 54 west of NM State Road 199 and 55A) – These areas are in quality elk habitat areas, but the land is significantly owned by private entities. According to IUCN, elks are abundant and widespread throughout their range. This includes 3 maps for every elk Unit. They are not found in tundra, desert, or the gulf coast. To learn more about ElkTracker Maps and the differences between the different maps available, check out the ElkTracker Maps Example page. However, elk populations today occupy forest or parkland regions, where small groups averaging six or seven animals are common. Some other common habitats include alpine meadows, prairies, and secluded valleys. Elk are sociable animals. Thus, during the summer, their fur is reddish hue while by the winter their coat becomes light grey in color. In a given elk habitat area, there are several options for bedding, travel routes and nighttime feeding. The difference between ElkTracker Maps and all other maps that are available is that they show you exactly where you need to be hunting by identifying the three things elk need to survive–Cover, Forage, and Water. The Key to Finding Elk. Private land authorizations on these ranches are allocated through a negotiation between the department and the ranch managers. The herd lifestyle is characteristic of animals that live in open country. This pamphlet is designed to serve as an introduction to elk habitat requirements and to assist private landowners and managers in developing elk management plans. Da Kuehn. North American elk can survive in a vast majority of ecosystems. Bark: Warning of danger. All maps are available as either a printed paper map or as a PDF delivered on a DVD. Security habitat can be defined as the areas elk seek out when they are feeling pressured, and are a combination of heavy canopy cover, are located an adequate distance from motorized roads, and are large enough to provide escape routes and bedding areas. Western States and Provinces Elk Workshop. Ideal elk habitat in the current Minnesota elk range is comprised of a mixture of brushland and grassland with islands of forest within the Tallgrass Aspen Parkland biome. When is the peak of the elk rut? But eventually, stake a few claims and stick to them, if … When threatened, these animals communicate with each other through various signals such as hissing, curling back the upper lip and grinding the teeth. Before giving birth, the female isolates herself from the herd. Habitat and Habits. One of serious threats is excessive hunting. This deer is an herbivore who feeds upon plants. Elks found in mountainous areas, usually live at high elevations in summer and migrate down the slope by winter. This animal can cool off due to its blood, pumping through the veins in its antler velvet and thus cooling, before it returns to the heart. By the age of 2 weeks the young join the herd, being fully weaned after 2 months. The major habitat of the elk is forest, forest edge and alpine meadows. The printed maps measure 30″ x 32″ in size and are plotted on heavy duty paper. By day and in the middle of the night, elks are inactive, spending most of their time chewing their cud. Males are able to move through forest silently and remain unheard. Each map shows features such as elk security habitat, prime forage areas, “Elk Hot Spots”, an inset map explaining these features, land ownership, elk seasonal ranges, and nearby emergency contact information. They are social animals, gathering in summer herds that contain up to 400 elks. Lyon, L.J. 1. These maps are designed to give you a head start in your search for elk by showing you the areas where you should concentrate your efforts during your elk hunt. Period of gestation lasts about 240-262 days, yielding a single (rarely - two) baby. Contact RMEF for raffle tickets. ElkTracker Maps can be ordered in a variety of formats and styles. The major habitat of the elk is forest, forest edge and alpine meadows. From late September to early October, male elks lose the velvet on their antlers and start competing with each other for mating rights. ElkTracker Maps offer so much more than just showing you elk ranges over several square miles. Our Hybrid Maps are built with land ownership data then we project Summer, Fall, and Winter Concentration data to create a map showing you not only where you CAN hunt, but where you SHOULD hunt as well! Many sub species that live in dense forests have adapted with smaller antler size. This habitat map was created by applying a deductive habitat model to remotely-sensed data layers within the species' known range. Males have extremely large antlers, which usually start growing in the spring, being shed in the winter, while females have no antlers. The Bullseye, Navigator, and Stalker series show more detail and allow you to select the center point of your map by using either an X, Y coordinate pair location or a reference point such as a mountain peak or a lake. The Zone maps are available as a collection of PDFs in a 3×3 grid (or larger) of my Stealth maps and are only offered on DVD. Rocky Mountain elk can be found throughout Utah in mountainous habitat. In Asia, male elks are referred to as "stags" while females are known as "hinds". 1979. We are a Pennsylvania based 501(c)(3) non-profit wildlife conservation organization that operates/manages the Elk Country Visitor Center and the surrounding properties in Benezette, Pennsylvania to benefit the future of Elk Country, and the enjoyment of hundreds of thousands of visitors each year. The maps also include the roads layer from the USGS 7.5 minute topographical Quad map series. And even after giving birth, she keeps living in isolation, protecting the baby, until the calf is able to escape predators independently. Each series of maps offers different features that should help you to find the best areas for hunting elk in Colorado and make the most of your time by maximizing your chances for a successful hunt. Feeding upon plant species, elks greatly contribute to structuring plant communities. The total number of their population, including both those in the wild and on farms, is around 2 million individuals. Priority areas for elk include their calving areas and migration corridors. The only drawback is that if the GMU is large, you will lose a lot of detail in the map. The Game Commission and several partner organizations put a tremendous amount of time and effort into improving elk habitat, which inevitably benefits deer and other wildlife. The Stealth series of maps are arranged in a grid pattern that covers the entire state west of I-25 and offer a large overview (15×18 miles) of the area of interest. However, this animal is very adaptable, due to which it’s also found in semi-deserts of North America. When agitated, the elk will flare its nostrils, lift the head, lay the ears back and will even punch with its front hooves. Their usual diet is based on wide variety of vegetation, including leaves and bark of trees. The combination of these two features on one map allows you to identify the “Elk Hot Spots” in the area you are hunting and will point you in the right direction where there is a very high likelihood of finding fresh sign and elk.
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