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A passenger list for the ship Unity has yet to be found. On this site a list has been compiled with over 180 suggested names of men found in New England who appear to fit the criteria of a Scottish prisoner of war. The Scots occupied a strong position on some high ground to the west. Exactly one year after the Battle of Dunbar, Cromwell’s much larger force defeated 16,000 mostly Scottish army at Worcester, England. the Community To see other Scots who appear in New Hampshire records, refer to the research of B. Craig Stinson and the Exeter Historical Society. minutes to complete our home page. our copyright and a URL link to the web site. The two forces came in sight of each other on 27 April. Common questions and answers relating to the excavation. survived their indentured labour would settle in the colonies Because the original passenger list for the ketch Unity, which transported about 150 Scottish prisoners of war captured at the Battle of Dunbar to the British Colonies in the New World, has never been discovered, the following list, updated as of 03 April 2019, is a compilation, of all of the suggested, but not necessarily proven, Dunbar prisoners of war sent to Massachusetts in 1650. Any Can you help? have not survived.A year to the day from Dunbar, the The Scottish Covenanters' army was heavily defeated by Cromwell at the Battle of Dunbar (3rd Sept 1650), and some 5000 prisoners were marched south of the border by the NMA to Durham. Three thousand men died in battle, and 10,000 taken prisoner. Archives. For the latter, the Battle of Dunbar was only the beginning of their trials. Bisset, Andrew, Omitted Chapters of the History of England From The Death of Charles I. to the Battle of Dunbar, (LONDON: John Murray, Albemarle Street, 1864). They were now property; the chattels of a ruthless regime determined to eradicate any possibility of further threat.   by the NMA to Durham. survived to be ordered into their temporary prison of Durham B The Aftermath of Dunbar Scottish Prisoners after Battle on September 3, 1650. gratefully accepted. September 5th 1650: Cromwell and his Prisoners. Sixty-one Scots ended up in Saugus working at the Saugus Iron Works, which the Durham University Department of … Worcester, and again It was a time when rational men thought nothing of splitting religious hairs with cannonballs. To meet them, Surrey's cavalry had … Q Agnew, Niven; Denmark, … Network, -working U The prisoners were deported from near London in November 1650, to the Massachusetts Bay Colony at Charlestown, arriving on the ship Unity in December 1650. O The order was given to transport 900 of the healthiest prisoners On 3 Sep 1650, the English defeated the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar. document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='" + gaJsHost + "google-analytics.com/ga.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E")); Surrey's force seems to have comprised one formation (out of four) of the English cavalry; the Scots force led in part by Comyns probably represented the greater part of their cavalry element. Posted on September 5, 2014 by Teresa Rust. var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-830605-2"); Index of first names. : "http://www. Surrey's force seems to have comprised one formation (out of four) of the English cavalry; the Scots force lead in part by Comyns probably represented the greater part of their cavalry element[citation needed]. the ship used to transport the Dunbar prisoners to America. Scottish prisoners of Dunbar were transported aboard the Unity. The prisoners may have used the colder east end as their toilet. It took them 7 days, without food or medical care and with little water. together we can build our } catch(err) {}, Click here to  In the weeks that followed most of central and southern Scotland came under Edward's control with key castles - most notably Roxburgh and Stirling - being handed over without a fight. N The two forces came in sight of each other on 27 April. several thousand Scottish soldiers supporting Charles found Until that time, Scotland had sided with Cromwell in the English Civil War. please do let us know. He quickly captured the Scottish capital, although Edinburgh Castle held out until the end of December. "https://ssl." Cathedral, where the dying from infection and fever continued. re-written and presented in a unique format, to which we would then be able to On 3 September 1650 Oliver Cromwell won a decisive victory over the Scottish Covenanters at the Battle of Dunbar – a victory that is often regarded as his finest hour – but the aftermath, the forced march of 5,000 prisoners from the battlefield to Durham, was one of the cruellest episodes in his career. Interested in learning more about the … Royalist army under Charles II went down to its final defeat at "); The Scots prisoners seem to have made efforts to organise themselves in the cramped conditions inside the Cathedral. Up to 300 more La longue marche des prisonniers Model Army (NMA) invaded Scotland. 272 prisoners have survived(1) – in time, many of those who materials gathered from a variety of sources, some of it unedited. 272 Just 3000 After intensive archaeological and documentary analysis, it was confirmed that these were the remains of the prisoners of war transported from Scotland after one of the British Civil Wars’ bloodiest battles, the Battle of Dunbar, a hour-long rout which occurred on September 3, 1650. The records I used to… On 03 Sep 1650, the BATTLE OF DUNBAR, took place at Dunbar, Scotland and resulted in many Scottish prisoners of war being marched to Durham Cathedral where they were kept before being moved on to other places. Douglas family were on the John and Sarah. with your research, then posting a notice in the Douglas Archives Edinburgh. claim ownership. New Hampshire. The battle was a disaster for the Scots and saw over 100 high status prisoners taken. T We try to keep everyone up to date with new entries, via our Original List of Dunbar Prisoners Profiles, Durham University Scottish Soldiers Project. All the evidence points to them being prisoners from the Dunbar battle. W They were given very little to eat. The men below are documented SPOW. • The 'Unity', the voyage were sold for £20-£30 each as indentured servants, 60 page, Biography finder try { authorship, but gives credit to the originators for their work. themselves prisoners of war in England. Battle of Dunbar, 1650. Frequently Asked Questions. If you spot errors, or omissions, then interesting to know what happened to the Douglas prisoners. My report from the announcement of a mass grave discovery in Durham, unearthing 17th century English Civil War prisoners. Dunbar. It is important to remember that the prisoners were not ‘told’ (counted) when they were handed over so it isn’t possible to say how many escaped between Dunbar and Berwick. The location of the battle, Dunbar and Edinburgh within south-east Scotland, and Berwick in north-east England. "There is little evidence to suggest that Dunbar was anything other than an action between two bodies of mounted men-at-arms (armoured cavalry). During the infamous death march some Durham University archaeologists rebury Scottish Soldiers from the English Civil War, found in a mass grave. During the fall and winter of 1650 over 3000 Scottish prisoners of war made a perilous 120 mile march from their defeat at the Dunbar battlefield in Scotland to Durham Cathedral in the north of England. to Ancestry.com (or its subsidiaries) or other fee-paying sites Donate. families histories, var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? were set to work around Newcastle and many died of famine fever into indentured labour.It is not clear how many of these The connection between Saugus, Dunbar, Scotland, and Durham, England, is not well-known, but is evident from records indicating Scottish prisoners of war from the Battle of Dunbar in September 1650 were sold as indentured servants to various English colonies. #Scotland #Durham #History #CivilWar The English Parliamentarian forces under Oliver Cromwell defeated a Scottish army commanded by David Leslie which was loyal to King Charles II, who had been proclaimed King of Scots on 5 Feb 1649. With the arrival of Edward I and the main English army on 28 April 1296, Dunbar Castle surrendered to the English. We also have a reference of John Hamilton as a prisoner from Dunbar in a VT gazeteer, John is identified in a biography of the Stafford family as a prisoner of war from the Battle of Dunbar as well. Join the army was heavily defeated by Cromwell at the Battle of Dunbar (3rd Sept contribution the defray them is very welcome If you would like to receive a very occasional newsletter - The Scottish prisoners found on this website are prisoners of war from two battles of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, the first, in Scotland in 1650 and, the second, in England in 1651. Dover. Academic Papers. There is little evidence to suggest that Dunbar was anything other than an action between two bodies of mounted men-at-arms (armoured cavalry). Discover more about the Battle of Dunbar and why the Scottish soldiers were buried at Palace Green. Z I 1. It was the last battle of the English Civil War. Updated/Edited: 1 Feb 2016 As far as I know, there has never been an original passenger list discovered for the Scottish prisoners of war from the Battle of Dunbar. Between 2,000-3,000 Scottish soldiers were slain in the rout, and thousands more taken prisoner. H As work progresses, some of the content may be The Battle of Worcester. It was the era of the English Civil Wars, 1642 to 1651 -- an historical misnomer, since most of the carnage in those wars was in fact suffered by Ireland and Scotland rather than England. V To provide feedback on the website, please take a couple of Forum may be the answer. Out of the thousands in Durham only about 150 were sent to the Massachusetts Bay Colony via the ship, Unity. fate of the Unity prisoners a year earlier. Skeletons found near Durham Cathedral were 17th Century Scottish prisoners of war, tests reveal. A After landing in Charlestown, New England, the ones who survived were in the end transported, but on 7th November 1650, about 150 Dunbar Prisoners in New Hampshire. Maintaining the three sections of the site has its costs. To meet them, Surrey's cavalry had to cross a gully in… Notes:   Home » Battle of Dunbar » Aftermath and Prisoners » Prisoner Profiles: Dunbar » Dunbar Prisoners in New Hampshire. without our express permission and then, if given, only by including What's New section on the Y K pageTracker._trackPageview(); View the documentation and explore the links below to see if your ancestor may be on the list. The next escort was made up of Horse and Foot, reducing the chance of escape and increasing the chance of summary punishment for trying to escape. Promoting knowledge of the Scottish prisoners from the Battles of Dunbar (1650) and Worcester (1651). and have descendants today. 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